Waste Management Planning Guide (Former Aylesbury Vale area)

5. General requirements

When planning and designing bin storage areas and hard surfaces, please adhere to the following guidelines. This will facilitate safe use and protect the heath and safety of collection crews when manoeuvring, emptying and returning bins.

  • Residents should not have to pull/push bins or carry waste for more than 25 metres
  • Collection crews should not have to push/pull 2 wheeled bins or carry individual waste bins for more than 15 metres.
  • Residents living in a communal household should not have to walk more than 30 metres to the bin store to dispose of their recycling or waste
  • Collection crews should not have to push/pull 4 wheeled bins for more than 10 metres
  • Footpaths must be built wide enough to accommodate bins of all sizes
  • A safe stopping bay or equivalent should be provided with sufficient turning area and manoeuvring space for the collection vehicle (this will be as standard in general planning guidance for our vehicles)
  • Recycling bins should be co-located with waste bins
  • Collection vehicles cannot collect bins that are on a slope. The gradient of a slope that bins need to be moved over must not exceed 1:12
  • Surfaces that bins need to move over must be of a smooth continuous finish and free from steps or other obstacles. Any steps shall incorporate a drop-kerb
  • Lights must be installed in bin stores to enable collection crews to avoid any hazards. Wooden bin stores and door frames will need metal protection to minimize any damage
  • Roads must be built to adoptable highway standards to enable WCV access. Collection crews and vehicles are not permitted to go on private driveways; this includes shared driveways
  • Road layout and parking must be taken into account when considering the need for a WCV to access the bin collection point(s) without obstruction
  • We recommend that individual bins are labelled or numbered as this makes it easy to identify ownership and has been proven to deter theft
  • Space allocated for bin storage should not have bins stored more than one deep and should provide ample room for rotating the bins
  • Overhead service cables, pipes, archways and other potential obstacles must be at least 7m from ground level.
  • Collection vehicles should not reverse into developments from a major road, or reverse onto a major road when exiting the development.

Developers should take all appropriate steps to design-out manual handling and the requirement for vehicle reversing when designing the new development. The British Standard guidance document BS5905:2005 states that the distance collectors should have to cover in respect of transporting waste bins to and from the collection vehicle should be minimized to achieve an economical service. The collector should not be required to carry individual waste bins or move two wheeled bins for a distance of more than 15 metres, nor to manoeuvre four wheeled waste storage bins from the storage points to the collection vehicle for a distance of more than 10 metres.

Where bulk bins are used, direct vehicular access to the bins is necessary. The collectors should not be required to move wheeled waste storage bins over surfaces that may hinder the smooth passage of the bin. An adjacent storage area designed to not block the pavement should be provided where a large number of households use the same collection point.

These health and safety requirements must be incorporated into the scheme from the earliest design stage.

5.1 Vehicle specifications

The proposed layouts of developments should include a vehicle tracking plan indicating satisfactory vehicle manoeuvrability within the site to be developed, and demonstrate that it has been designed to include an efficient recycling and waste collection ‘round’, based upon the operating standards and vehicle dimensions. 17 The vehicles used are:

  • collecting recycling and waste- Mercedes Econic Faun Variopress body
  • collecting food waste- Mitsubishi Fuso Canter Geesinknorba
Type of vehicle weight of vehicle dimensions Weight of vehicle Dimensions
Mercedes Econic Faun Variopress body 26T (26,000kg) Height - 3,584mm
Weight - 2,600mm
Length - 9,515mm
Mitsubishi Fuso Canter Geesinknorba 7.5T (7,500kg) Height - 2,540mm
Width - 2,027 mm
Length - 5,465mm

The tracking plan will need to be agreed with Buckinghamshire County Council as the highway authority and AVDC’s recycling and waste department as the collection authority.

Reversing a WCV is one of the most dangerous activities carried out by the collection crews. Accidents involving WCV are invariably severe or fatal. Therefore the development must be designed to allow the WCV’s to operate in a forward gear only wherever possible; adequate turning facilities, large enough to accommodate the WCV, will be required where the WCV is unable to drive a circuitous route. Where the WCV will not be expected to have direct access, provision of collection points must be shown; designated collection points must be agreed with the council’s recycling and waste department as part of the scheme design before an application is submitted.

To allow safe access, all roads, and other areas, that are to be used by the WCV must be designed to withstand the full weight of the vehicle, which is 26 tonnes. Should there be a need to access courtyard areas then a vertical clearance of 4.50 metres will be required. Consideration must be made with regard to tree overhang, such as; cables, balconies, barriers, archways etc.

The width of any road where the WCV is expected to access will need to be a minimum of 6 metres, this will allow single side parking and the WCV to pass without hindrance. Consideration must be given at the initial design stage for the provision of adequate off street parking in safe and convenient locations for residents. This is to minimise unnecessary parking on the street. Where developments are designed to have on street parking on both sides of a road, the minimum road width would need to be 8 metres.

Important: The council’s WCVs will only travel along roads that have been constructed to Buckinghamshire County Council’s adoptable standard and the road has been adopted. AVDC vehicles will not drive on private roads.