Road safety advice

Mobile phones

It's illegal to use a mobile phone, sat nav or any similar device whilst driving without a hands-free device. 

Talking on hands-free is still a distraction that can reduce your concentration and ability to detect hazards.

Even careful drivers can be distracted by a call or text and a split-second lapse in concentration could result in a crash.

Find out more about using a phone or a sat nav when driving (GOV.UK).

Seat belts

Always wear a seatbelt. In a crash you're twice as likely to die if you don't.

Not wearing a seatbelt can be a fatal decision even on short, familiar journeys and at low speeds. Wear your seatbelt correctly so it can offer you the best possible protection in a crash.

If you're travelling with a child, make sure you understand the law on using a child car seat or booster seat (GOV.UK).

Stopping distances

Drive at a speed that will allow you to stop well within the distance you can see to be clear.

Allow at least a two-second gap between you and the vehicle in front on roads carrying faster-moving traffic.

The gap should be at least doubled on wet roads and increased on icy roads. Remember, large vehicles and motorcycles need a greater distance to stop.

Your speed will also effect your vehicle's stopping distance (AA).


Eyesight can get worse at any time and can not only affect driving skills directly, but also result in tiredness. 

As standard, drivers should be be able to read a car number plate from 20 metres (with glasses or contact lenses, if necessary).

View the driving eyesight rules (GOV.UK).

Vehicle Activated Signs (VAS)

See our webpage for information on Vehicle Activated Signs and how to request an electronic road sign.

Drink driving

There are strict alcohol limits for drivers, but it’s impossible to say exactly how many drinks this equals - it’s different for each person.

If you’re driving, don’t drink any alcohol at all.

Visit for more information on drink driving (GOV.UK).

Drug driving

It’s illegal to drive if either:

  • you’re unfit to do so because you’re on legal or illegal drugs
  • you have certain levels of illegal drugs in your blood (even if they have not affected your driving)

Visit for more information on drug driving (GOV.UK).


Car drivers and horse riders both have a right to use the road.

When passing a rider you should:

  • slow down to a maximum of 10 mph
  • pass slowly and widely, allowing at least 2 metres distance between you and the horse
  • be patient

All riders and their horses are encouraged to wear high visibility, contrasting clothing/tabards for maximum visibility.

For more guidance see The British Horse Society's advice for motorists.